OVERVIEW OF RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN COSMOLOGY (Physics of Astronomy)
- Highlights on Universe’s Fine-Tuning found by Astronomers and Cosmologists
- Blog Posting on Cosmology’s Fine-tuning [click here]
1. Highlights on Universe’s Fine-Tuning Found by Astronomers and Cosmologists
Laszlo writes that, “Cosmology, a branch of the astronomical sciences, is in turbulence. The deeper the new high-powered instruments probe the far reaches of the universe, the more mysteries they uncover.” A cosmologist, Evalyn Gates, writes in regard to the ancient question—What is the Universe made of?—“… what we now don’t know far outweighs what we do know.” From the large number of anomalous discoveries and observations (puzzles) covered in the books of Laszlo, Kaku, Gates, and Hawking books, I selected four to use in Book 1; two of these are presented below:
- The “missing mass” of the universe: there is more gravitational pull in the cosmos than visible matter can account for. To account for their observations, physicists are hypothesizing the existence of “dark” (optically invisible) matter.
- The fine-tuning of the universal constants: the key parameters of our universe are amazingly fine-tuned to produce the extremely improbable conditions under which life can emerge and evolve in the cosmos.
The cosmological puzzles strongly illustrate that there is much physicists and cosmologists do not understand about our universe. Of the uncertainties, dark energy (required to support the continued expansion of the universe—another anomaly) is the greatest unknown. Gates summarizes our situation with the following, “Dark energy is the major component of the Universe, constituting 72% of everything that is. We don’t know what dark energy is, and we don’t have any outstanding candidates either. Theorists are currently exploring a host of ideas and models that might explain dark energy—some wilder than others, but all involve radically new physics and none yet compelling enough to emerge as the main contender. Dark energy at this time is a complete mystery.” Our “normal” matter constitutes only 4% of the total mass and energy in our universe.
About the fine-tuning of the universal constants, Laszlo writes, “The three dozen or more physical parameters of the universe are so finely tuned that together they create the highly improbable conditions under which life can emerge on Earth (and presumably on other suitable planetary surfaces) and then evolve to progressively higher levels of complexity.” I found the degree of the fine-tuning in the universe is staggering. Cosmologists discuss this under the term, the anthropic principle. Kaku lists the two primary levels that cosmologists consider for this principle:
- Strong anthropic principle—there is an intelligence of some sort that tunes the physical constants to allow for intelligence.
- Weak anthropic principle–merely states that the constants of nature must be tuned to allow for intelligence (otherwise we would not be here), but it leaves open the question of what or who did the tuning.
In Book 3, I plan to explore explanation for this tuning using some of my spiritual sources. Here is a preview of that using an excerpt from Frontiers of Knowledge, chapter 11’s section titled Souls and the Creation of our Universe:
“In chapter 8, I wrote that the concept of God that emerges from spiritual hypnosis and other methods is of an original source of this and all universes. This concept of God, called Source God by many, is hypothesized to have created all existence from itself in a process of devolution. This includes the first souls, who are described by some spiritual sources as having actually directed the first creations in the universe. The beings behind the creation of our physical universe would be very powerful with very high levels of consciousness. Relative to the concepts of observers in quantum physics, their powers of “observation” would be at the level of Gods. Here, I am describing a multiplicity of God consciousness, not the singularity of Source God.
According to descriptive accounts from spiritual hypnosis and transcendent NDEs, creation is continuing to unfold under the direction of advanced souls. Using concepts from quantum mechanics, these “observers” have access to subtle-energy dimensions and the full electromagnetic spectrum—not just the narrow visual band that humans can see and be aware of with their physical vision. Others and I believe that with this ability, advanced souls created (observed) our universe into being and continue to guide its evolution through the multiple subtle-energy dimensions and bodies I described in chapter 9. Interestingly, it appears that some quantum physicists are starting to sense this as well.”
Key Scientific References Used for Cosmology
- Ervin Laszlo, Science and the Akashic Field: An Integral Theory of Everything (Inner Traditions, 2004, Second Edition 2007).
- Michio Kaku, Parallel Worlds: A Journey Through Creation, Higher Dimensions, and the Future of the Cosmos (Anchor Books, 2005).
- Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow, The Grand Design (Bantam Books, 2010).
- Evalyn Gates, Einstein’s Telescope: The Hunt for Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe (W.W. Norton & Company, 2009).
2. Blog Posting on Cosmology’s Fine-tuning
Following blogs provide information and insight on the fine-tuning of our universe’s cosmology:
- Intelligent Design in Cosmology and Evolutionary Biology January 22, 2015